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Public Perception on the Act and Its Effectiveness

The Improper Solicitation and Graft Act has contributed to reducing customary practices such as acceptance of money, gifts, improper solicitations and entertainment in the public sector. The result of the Public Institution Integrity Assessment conducted by the ACRC on an annual basis shows that, after the implementation of the Act, the rate of offering money, gifts, entertainment and conveniences by civil petitioners has declined and the fairness of performance of duties by public officials has been gradually improving.


The Rate of Offering Money, Entertainment, etc.(Unit :%)

The Rate of Offering Money, Entertainment, etc.(Unit :%)

Integrity assessment (the lower the rate is, the cleaner)

Fairness of Duty Performance

Fairness of Duty Performance

Integrity assessment (on the scale of 0-10 with 10 meaning the highest level of integrity)



Furthermore, the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act has also contributed to nurturing a fair trade environment in which businesses can concentrate solely on economic activities, not being bothered about improper solicitations and entertainment.

The result of the ACRC Corruption Perceptions Survey 2018 showed that among the business people who participated in the survey, 70.7% said that the Act has created a positive impact on the corporate governance system by enhancing the level of internal control through improving a corporate culture and adopting an international anti-corruption business management system (ISO37001), etc.

In addition, according to the result of an analysis published by the Korean Accounting Association in June, 2019, Korean businesses have experienced internal corporate system improvements with the Act being enforced. For instance, a number of small- and medium-sized enterprises have reduced unnecessary entertainment expenses while increasing expenses needed to boost their business profits, etc.

A recent survey of the public perceptions of the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act conducted in August this year by the ACRC found that 87.7% of the general public assessed the Act has positively affected the Korean society and been improving social awareness and practices.

The general public who responded that after the enforcement of the Act, they came to consider solicitation, entertainment and gifts directed to public officials, etc., which had been done customarily in the past, to be 'improper behaviors' accounted for 79.5%. Most of the public officials surveyed answered they have felt significant anti-corruption effects brought by the Act, including through reduction in duty-related improper solicitations, meals, gifts, and congratulatory/condolence money.

The general public, public officials, and those engaged in the industries affected who assessed the Act has been conducive to tackling unfair practices or corruption problems in our society also accounted for 75.4%, 92.4% and 59.1%, respectively.

As people started to have growing sense of integrity with the Act being in force, there have been also fast behavioral changes such as a culture of bill-splitting or going-Dutch.

2019 Perception Survey Results of the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act

Survey institution and time: Perception survey on the Act was conducted in August 2019 by Hankook Research (Time series comparative survey on Sept. 2019 by HankooK Research)
Target : A total of 3,029 people (1,000 ordinary citizens, 500 public officials, 300 heads and employees of public-service related agencies, 401 faculty members of primary/secondary/university schools, heads and employees of media companies, 626 in affected industries (213 restaurant business, 206 agriculture/fishery/livestock/floriculture production businesses, 207 agriculture/fishery/livestock/floriculture)

Perception on the enactment of the Act

A majority of the respondents answered that the Act had a positive impact on the Korea society

< "The Act had a positive impact on the Korea society" (%) >

Survey time

Ordinary citizens

Public officials

Public service-related agencies

Journalists

Faculty members

Aug. 2019

87.7

96.6

97.7

79.2

92.8

Sep. 2018

87.5

95.0

96.0

81.0

91.9

Many of the respondents said that the Act helped remove irregularity practices and corruption problems

< "The Act helped remove corruption problems" (%) >

Survey time

Ordinary citizens

Public officials

Public service-related agencies

Journalists

Faculty members

Affected industries

Aug. 2019

75.4

92.4

91.3

62.4

85.8

59.1

Sept. 2018

74.9

91.1

92.7

69.5

85.3

59.1

The percentage of the subjects who said "yes" to the question "Do you think that public officials perform their duties in a fairer manner?" : journalists (47.5) < faculty members (75.6) < public-service related agencies (82) < public officials (84.8)


Social Impact of the Act

A majority of the respondents said that the Act did not hamper their social life and work, with the number of people who said so rising compared to August 2018.

< "The Act did not hamper daily life and work", (%) >

Survey time

Ordinary citizens

Public officials

Public service-related agencies

Faculty members

Journalists

Aug. 2019

91.2

93.8

96.3

93.5

86.1

Sep. 2018

90.3

93.8

95.0

90.4

83.0

Many of the respondents answered that after the Act was enacted, they see practices of solicitation, entertainment-offering and gift-giving as improper acts.

< "I now see solicitation and giving entertainment and gifts as improper practices, (%) >

Survey time

Ordinary citizens

Public officials

Public service-related agencies

Journalists

Faculty members

Aug. 2019

79.5

87.2

87.3

78.7

83.5

Sep. 2018

64.5

72.8

78.2

82.0

83.3

The respondents actually felt the Act` anti-corruption effect, answering that duty-related solicitations decreased and that expenses for dinner with, gifts to, money gift at weddings and funeral of duty-related persons were reduced.

< "very much decreased" and "decreased"(%) >

Survey time

Time

Public officials

Public service-related agencies

Journalists

Faculty members

"Personal contact -based requests and favors decreased"

Aug. 2019

82.2

80.0

62.9

74.8

Sep. 2018

64.4

62.7

60.0

62.7

"Expenses for a dinner with, gift to and wedding and funeral money gift at duty-related persons decreased"

Aug. 2019

86.2

88.7

81.2

85.3

Sep. 2018

67.8

70.0

64.5

66.4

After the Act took effect, going Dutch has been perceived positively, with a majority of the respondents saying that they want to go Dutch or understand asking going Dutch.

< Percentage of respondents answering "Strongly agree" and "Agree" >

Survey time

Time

Ordinary citizens

Public officials

Public service-related agencies

Faculty members

Journalists

I feel more comfortable splitting the bill

Aug 2019

71.3

75.4

74

68.6

44.6

Sep 2018

69.2

77.7

76.9

67.4

49.0

I myself want to split the bill

Aug 2019

73.2

86.8

86

73.1

52

Sep 2018

69.4

82.1

80.2

73.0

55.0

I understand the asking of splitting the bill

Aug 2019

84.7

92.2

92.3

84.3

70.3

Sep 2018

83.2

90.1

89.1

83.6

72.5